FreeBSD 13 on a 12 year old laptop
My old (2009) HP laptop now runs FreeBSD 13.0-RELEASE.
I didn't do an upgrade, but I did a fresh install. The reason for this was that I now wanted to encrypt the hard disk. The previous install was on an unencrypted ZFS file system.
I did choose again for ZFS, but this time encrypted.
Here are some specs of the laptop:
- Core 2 Duo CPU L9400 @ 1.86GHz
- 8 Gb RAM (DDR2, 2 x 4Gb SO-DIMM)
- 120 Gb SSD
- 1280x800 LCD 12 inch monitor (16 x 10 aspect ratio)
The 120 Gb SSD is also not the newest, I bought this used. It is probably from around 2014 or 2015.
The laptop is built around a Intel chip set, so the graphics controller, audio, Gigabit network interface, Wireless, and so on, are all build with Intel chips.
I installed from the standard FreeBSD-13.0-RELEASE-amd64-memstick.img which went, of course, without any problems.
I used FreeBSD before on this laptop, so everything was quickly running smoothly.
I installed the 915resolution package, and added a line to /etc/rc.conf:
In order to get the sound working properly, I added two lines to /boot/devices.hints:
hint.hdac.0.cad0.nid18.config="as=1 seq=15" hint.hdac.0.cad0.nid22.config="as=1 seq=0"
I am not sure if this is needed for this processor, but I also installed devcpu-data and added two lines to /boot/loader.conf:
For power management I added the following lines to /etc/rc.conf:
powerd_enable="YES" powerd_flags="-n adaptive -a hiadaptive -b adaptive -m 800 -M 1600" performance_cx_lowest=C1 economy_cx_lowest=Cmax
and the following line to /boot/loader.conf:
$HOME in ramdisk
I like to have my $HOME directory in ramdisk (also known as "memory file system"). This way I always have a clean $HOME, and I don't have to worry about super cookies, cookies and other bad stuff like that. It also helps when you work with flash memory for local storage.
FreeBSD doesn't have the brilliant "-P" mount option that OpenBSD has, which will automagically set up your ramdisks. Therefor at boot time the home directory is populated by a small shell script that is started from a startup script in /usr/local/etc/rc.d.
I have been using the ratpoison window manager for perhaps more than a decade, and a couple of years ago I switched to the i3 window manager. On this old laptop I am also using i3.
At the time of setting every thing up, I was in an unconfigured X setting, so I was working with the default TWM window manager and the default settings for Xterm, including the default Xterm font. In circumstances where one only needs a few xterm windows, and perhaps a web browser, this is of course good enough.
I have been using this laptop with FreeBSD for some years now, and I think it is a fine workstation, but I am not a gamer.
In general, I prefer small laptops, and think that 12 inch is the sweet spot. The keyboard is great and I like the 4 x 3 aspect ratio of the monitor of this laptop.
My most used applications are thinks like ed, mg, vi , Vim, Emacs, tmux, lynx and w3m. Also I do use Firefox, LibreOffice and Gimp, and most of the time I am using SSH to connect to some remote system.
So, if your needs are modest, and you use FreeBSD, you don't need a fancy high performance system, and any old laptop will do fine.
- 2023-02-24: changed the aspect ratio of the display to 16:10 (thanks to ghane)