OpenBSD 5.7 on BeagleBone Black
The BeagleBone Black is an Arm-7 development board with a AM335x 1GHz ARM Cortex-A8processor, 512 Mb DDR3 RAM, ethernet, microD slot, 4GB 8-bit eMMC on-board flash storage and a lof other nice goodies. This board is capable of running OpenBSD :)
In order to install OpenBSD on this board, you will need to access the serial console. This is a 3.3 Volt RS232 serial console, and connecting this with a 12 or even 5 Volt serial port will be fatal for the board. You need an USB F-cable to connect the BeagleBone Black serial port to your laptop or computer.
Connecting the Serial Port
Locate the pins of the serial board on the BeagleBone Black. The white dot is next to pin 1.
Use the following pins:
- pin 1: Ground
- pin 4: Receive
- pin 5: Transmit
USB F-cable connected to the serial console
I connected the other end (with the USB-connector) with my Debian Linux laptop and started minicom. In minicom, choose for
- Baud 115,200
- Bits 8
- Parity N
- Stop Bits 1
- Handshake None
Boot the board and check that you see the startup-messages.
Bring the board down.
OpenBSD Installation image
For the BeagleBone Black you need the miniroot-am335x-57.fs installfile from one of the OpenBSD ftp-mirrors.
You can copy this file with dd to a micro SD-card. I did this on a Debian Linux laptop with:
dd if=miniroot-am335x-57.fs of=/dev/mmcblk0 bs=16k
Funny thing is that you can use the same micro SD-card to install OpenBSD on :)
So you dd the install image to a micro SD-card, start the installer from there and install OpenBSD on the same card...
Get the sets
This step is optional, just to make things easier.
I downloaded the setfiles from one of the OpenBSD ftp-mirrors:
I put these files on a local webserver, so during the install the installation program can fetch these files from the local network.
I didn't bother to download any x-sets, this board will be running headless.
Start the installer
Now the hard work is done. Put the micro SD-card in the slot on the board. Locate the small switch on to top-side of the board, close to the micro SD-card slot (on the bottom-side). Keep this switch pressed while putting power on the board. The board will now attempt to install from the external micro SD-card and not from the internal eMMC-flash storage.
The OpenBSD installer will start. Just follow the installation procedure, I choose the defaults for the partitioning of the SD-card (it is sd-card 0). After the installation is done reboot.
Reboot into the installed system
After the reboot, login again via the serial cable and have a look around your fresh OpenBSD system.
Protect the micro SD card by mounting it readonly
To protect the life of the SD-card, we are going to make it readonly.
Make sure your network configuration is right, ssh is hardened and your ~/.ssh/authorized_keys has the right contents.
Make a directory /proto and copy /var and /home to it.
mkdir /proto cp -rp /var /proto cp -rp /home /proto
Now, create a template for /dev
mkdir /proto/dev cd /proto/dev cp /dev/MAKEDEV . ./MAKEDEV all
Now edit /etc/fstab, comment the entries for /dev, /var and /home out and make the other entries readonly with noatime option:
4a6b4c0ba6c86953.b none swap sw 4a6b4c0ba6c86953.a / ffs ro,noatime 1 1 4a6b4c0ba6c86953.f /usr ffs ro,noatime,nodev 1 2 4a6b4c0ba6c86953.g /usr/X11R6 ffs ro,noatime,nodev 1 2 4a6b4c0ba6c86953.h /usr/local ffs ro,noatime,nodev 1 2 4a6b4c0ba6c86953.k /usr/obj ffs ro,noatime,nodev,nosuid 1 2 4a6b4c0ba6c86953.j /usr/src ffs ro,noatime,nodev,nosuid 1 2 # 4a6b4c0ba6c86953.d /tmp ffs rw,noatime,nodev,nosuid 1 2 # 4a6b4c0ba6c86953.e /var ffs rw,noatime,nodev,nosuid 1 2 # 4a6b4c0ba6c86953.l /home ffs rw,noatime,nodev,nosuid 1 2 swap /dev mfs rw,nosuid,noexec,-P=/proto/dev,-i=128,-s=4096 0 0 swap /var mfs rw,nosuid,noexec,-P=/proto/var,-s=8192 0 0 swap /home mfs rw,nosuid,noexec,-P=/proto/home,-s=8192 0 0
Above, 4a6b4c0ba6c86953 is the uuid of the micro SD-card.
Each of the last three lines will make a memory file system (MFS) and populate that with the corresponding subdirectory from the /proto diretory.
Reboot and check everything works fine.
In case you want to make some changes. install additional stuff, etc. you can remount a partition by:
mount -uw /
In this case / gets remounted read-write.
The following pages where helpfull during the installation of OpenBSD 5.7 on the BeagleBone Black: